Welcome to the Medical Mnemonics Page. I dedicate this page to all the hard working medical students all over the world. The goal of StudyNow is to make the lives easier for medical students and residents. Please share your mnemonics with the rest of the community as I will donate my time to summarize them on this page.

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I will include the name of the submitter along with the mnemonic on this page. If you are the original author of the mnemonic, please state that fact in the mnemonic so that I can make special mention of your efforts and contributions. Please understand that I am a surgical resident and that my time is a bit handcuffed.

WARNING: the best mnemonics deal with sex or other bodily functions, and there will be a couple of them in here!

Topic Fact Mnemonic
Anatomy Branches of the External Carotid Artery in order starting with the first branch (superior thyroid artery).

See plate 29 in Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy.

Contributed by Calvin Lee, Surgical Resident, Case Western Reserve on 7/22/98. This is a good "pimp" question/fact when you are in the OR assisting on a thyroid or a carotid case. Know this one!

Sally Superior Thyroid
Ann Ascending Pharyngeal
Likes Lingual
Flirting Facial
On Occipital
Philidelphia's Posterior auricular
Main Maxillary
Street Superficial temporal
Neurology How to remember the basic framework of the Glasgow coma scale? Eye opening: 4 eyes (glasses)
Motor: 6 cylinder engine
Verbal: Jackson 5

Gives you a total of 15. (A brick has a GCS of 3)
Cardiology For Causes of A-Fib/Flutter:

Mnemonic by Chris
"Get it? ... A-fib.. occurs in the HEART ?? Ok.. well I'm post-call..."
H= cHf, other cardiomyopathies
E= Enlargement of the atria
A= Alcohol binge drinking
R= Rheumatic heart disease
T= hyperThyroid
Cardiology Mnemonic for remembering antiarrhythmics

submitted by Jed

Class Drug Mnemonic

Class IA Procainamide Professor
  Quinidine Quackers

"dissed" *

Class IB Lidocaine Lydia's
  Phenytoin penny
  Mexiletine Mexican


Class IC Flecainide feeling


Class II Propranolol proper
  Beta Blockers

Bertha Butt

Class III Amiodarone amiable
  Bretylium British


Class IV Verapamil virtually

dismembered 'im



Read as:

Professor Quackers "dissed" - Lydia's penny Mexican tacos. - Feeling profaned, - proper Bertha Butt - (amiable British socialite) - virtually dismembered 'im.


Professor Quackers dissed Lydia's Penny Mexican Tacos. Feeling profaned, proper Bertha Butt, (amiable British socialite), virtually dismembered 'im.

*Note: "Dissed" is used here as the slang term "dis" - from dismiss. I.e., "Don't 'dis' me, man!"

Cardiology Proven MI.. should be met by M.O.N.A.

submitted by Chris
M = morphine
O = oxygen
N = nitrates
A = aspirin

Caveat: is suspected right ventricular MI suspected .. hold the Nitrates.
ACLS (1997).
Pathology Classification of hypersensitivity reactions

submitted by Jed.

Type I Anaphylaxis
Type II Cytotoxic - mediated
Type III Immune - complex
Type IV Delayed hypersensitivity

Surgery Causes of post op fever

Submitted by Jed

Remember the following mnemonic when determining the possible cause(s) of fever in a patient who has recently undergone a surgical procedure: the 5 W's (or 6 W's)

Wind: the pulmonary system is the primary source of fever in the first 48 hours.

Wound: there might be an infection at the surgical site.

Water: check intravenous access site for signs of phlebitis.

Walk: deep venous thrombosis can develop due to pelvic pooling or restricted mobility related to pain and fatigue.

Whiz: a urinary tract infection is possible if urinary catheterization was required.

Also Wonder drugs - drug fevers.
(added by Calvin Lee)

Pulmonary Treatment of acute pulmonary edema

Submitted by Jed

As Easy as 'LMNOP'

Remember the mnemonic LMNOP when treating a patient with acute pulmonary edema:

Lasix® (furosemide) intravenous (IV), one to two times the patient's usual dose, or 40 mg if the patient does not usually take the drug.

Morphine sulfate. Initial dose, 4 to 8 mg IV (subcutaneous administration is effective in milder cases); may repeat in 2 to 4 hours. Avoid respiratory depression. Morphine increases venous capacity, lowering left atrial pressure, and relieves anxiety, which reduces the efficiency of ventilation.

Nitroglycerin IV, 5 to 10 ug/min. Increase by 5 ug/min q 3 to 5 minutes. Reduces left ventricular preload. Caution: may cause hypotension.

Oxygen, 100% given to obtain an arterial PO2>60 mm Hg.

Position patient sitting up with legs dangling over the side of the bed. This facilitates respiration and reduces venous return.
Urology Causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinence

Submitted by Jed

The following mnemonic aids in remembering the causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinence - DRIP:

D:   Delirium
R:   Restricted mobility, retention
I:   Infection, inflammation, impaction (fecal)
P:   Polyuria, pharmaceuticals
Urology Causes of hematuria

Submitted by Jed

Use the mnemonic SITTT as an aid in evaluating the cause of hematuria:

S: Stone

 I: Infection

  T: Trauma

   T: Tumor

    T: Tuberculosis
Endocrine Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Submitted by Jed

Remember the following mnemonic when evaluating patients for hyperthyroidism:

S: Sweating

T: Tremor or Tachycardia

I: Intolerance to heat, Irregular menstruation, and Irritability

N: Nervousness

G: Goiter and Gastrointestinal (loose stools/diarrhea).
Cardiology 5 T's of early cyanosis:

Sumbitted by Ben Humphreys

Tetralogy, Transposition, Truncus, Total anomalous, Tricuspid atresia
  Your Mnemonics go here! Please make this page YOUR page, by using the discussion group (the link is above)  


Links of Relevance:

USMLE 3 Practice Questions and Discussion Group

StudyNow Medical Bookstore Online - 10% off all books. Thousands of books in stock and very quick shipping.

StudyNow Search Engines - search the web, search medline, search the bookstore, search a medical dictionary, search for drug data, etc.

Tuning your brain with Classical Music - Increase your IQ and enhance your other moods with classical music. Midi files are linked to this page for your convenience.

VUMC's List of Interesting Emergency Medicine Mnemonics this web page was suggested as a link by Jed.

Clinical tips and tricks (pearls) at MedScape this link suggested by Jed

http://www.neuro.wustl.edu/neuromuscular/spinal.html Spinal cord Disorders Mnemonics, suggested by James Lin



Links of Interest:

Voice Recognition Software for Physicians - 21st Century Eloquence offers voice recognition consulting as well as voice recognition software for physicians.

Powering with Value Concepts - How can we be successful with a clear personal concept of values?

A raw listing of StudyNow web pages


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